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Have you ever built a house? Or have you dreamt of building a house? If yes, this may help you out. Dream of owning a home is fine, but there is a lot of difference between buying a constructed house and planning the construction by yourself. There is a lot of research, material sourcing, hard work and sweat involved in it. When I say material sourcing you need to take care of everything right from the sand used to the paint color used in the house.

If you have decided to construct the house by now some of you would have sourced some info & if you have not, go through this piece of content regarding how to select the sand & the types of sand used in the construction.

How many of you know why sand is used?

The sand acts as the binding material and provides the strength to cement concrete & is one of the widely used materials throughout the constructions. The quality of the sand used affects the ability of the sand to bind with other materials. of some

Below is the list of types of sand used in construction

River sand

River sand is one of the most widely used sand & is most sought for construction due to its texture. The texture of the sand is so fine that nowadays, it has become temporarily unavailable due to huge demand. River sand is called natural sand as it is usually available near the river banks and streams.


Due to its fine texture, River Sand is used for plastering, RCC, and other block works. Another thing to check in River Sand is, River Sand tends to have a high Silica content, before using it in construction the River Sand should be checked for the percentage of silica present in the sand. The silica present in the sand should be less than 5%. The advantage of using the River sand is since the river sand has more moisture content, the water requirement will be less.

Pit Sand

Pit Sand is also the naturally occurring sand usually found 1 to 2 meters below the soil. The grain structure is very coarse, uneven and has sharp edges. It is one of the main features which enable the sand to hold on to the other materials used in the constructions.


Since it is the naturally occurring salt found inside the soil, unlike River sand it is free from salts and silica. Pit sand is also a great choice, only if the sand coarseness is in the permissible size.

Manufactured Sand

If you are unable to find River sand, manufactured sand is the best alternative & is also called eco-friendly sand. Manufactured sand is the product of crushing the granites into a fine texture.


There are two ways of obtaining Manufactured Sand. By crushing the granite as mentioned above or by blasting the Quarry stones. These particles undergo several stages of processing, like crushing, sieving and washing to get the texture like natural River sand.

Good quality Manufactured Sand is mostly used in recent days due to the unavailability of River sand and is also environmentally friendly and more sustainable.

Concrete Sand


Concrete sand is a heterogeneous mixture of Granite Rock, Genesis and Limestone. As the name says, it is widely used for concretes and also in bedding Pipes. The texture of the concrete sand is usually larger than the other sands since it is a mixture of different materials. Concrete sand has the highest binding strength and is one of the most used sand in construction.

Masonry Sand

Mason sand is one of the most popular types of sand used in construction and landscaping. Mason sand (also called masonry sand or mortar sand) is fine sand often used in construction. This sand features grains of uniform size, giving it a smooth look and feel.


It gets its name because it is used in masonry work. Mason sand is very versatile & is used for a wide range of projects. Especially the outer finishing works. Mason sand is used to fill the gaps between bricks or stone blocks & it is also used to fill gaps between landscaping pavers.

These are some of the sands, the sources of the sands mainly used in construction. Sand is one of the main materials used extensively in construction. There are so many other materials like sand, which should be looked into before starting the construction.

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